Qt and QML testing tools


qml_tests launch all the tests related to the interface. The daemon and libclient SHOULD be trusted in this part, we do not want to test scenarios related to connectivity. Ideally, we should work on fake data to avoid depending on network events. This may be difficult sometimes and some tools may be missed because tests in this part are a work in progress. Here are some tools/principles to be able to quickly write tests.

Mocking Data

Let’s say I want to test the UI for an AccountComboBox depending on a list of accounts. Instead of creating accounts, we should create a fake list. The easy way to do this is to serialize/unserialize a real AccountComboBox model. First, we need to get a serialized model:

diff --git a/src/app/mainview/components/AccountComboBoxPopup.qml b/src/app/mainview/components/AccountComboBoxPopup.qml
index 2f1b633a..0df2594d 100644
--- a/src/app/mainview/components/AccountComboBoxPopup.qml
+++ b/src/app/mainview/components/AccountComboBoxPopup.qml
@@ -43,6 +43,15 @@ Popup {
         color: JamiTheme.transparentColor

+    function saveModel() {
+        var modelData = []
+        for (var i = 0; i < listView.model.count; ++i) {
+            modelData.push(listView.model.get(i))
+        }
+        var json = JSON.stringify(modelData)
+        console.warn(json)
+    }
     focus: true
     closePolicy: Popup.CloseOnEscape | Popup.CloseOnPressOutside

@@ -241,6 +250,7 @@ Popup {
                 width: root.width
                 onClicked: {
+                    root.saveModel();
                     LRCInstance.currentAccountId = ID;

saveModel() will print the serialized structure whenever the developer will click on the combobox. Here’s the result:

[{"Alias":"AmarOk","ID":"a2d724d18a943e6c","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":1,"Username":"amarok"},{"Alias":"Munnin","ID":"8a22b7d0176327db","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":1,"Username":"munnin"},{"Alias":"TEST JAMI","ID":"3b7d2b9e2af83a47","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":2,"Username":"696"},{"Alias":"Sébastien Blin","ID":"131ad59045a9a146","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":1,"Username":"sblin"}]

Now, the developper can easily use it in a test. The best way is to add this data in a variable or a separated js file (cf https://doc.qt.io/qt-6/qtqml-documents-networktransparency.html). And use it in a test e.g.:

TestWrapper {
    AccountComboBoxPopup {
        id: uut

        function loadMockData() {
            return JSON.parse('[\
                {"Alias":"Foo","ID":"a2d724d18a943e6c","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":1,"Username":"foo"}, \
                {"Alias":"Bar","ID":"8a22b7d0176327db","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":1,"Username":"bar"}, \
                {"Alias":"TEST JAMI","ID":"3b7d2b9e2af83a47","NotificationCount":0,"Status":5,"Type":2,"Username":"696"}, \

        TestCase {
            name: "Check model size"
            function test_checkModelSize() {
                var accountList = findChild(uut, "accountList")
                accountList.model = uut.loadMockData()
                compare(accountList.model.length, 4)


Google Test

Google’s c++ test framework.


  • Ubuntu / Debian: apt install googletest libgtest-dev

Example main.cpp

#include <gtest/gtest.h>

TEST(Test, Test1)
    EXPECT_EQ(0, 0); // OK
    EXPECT_EQ(1, 0); // ERROR and continues
    ASSERT_EQ(0, 0); // OK
    ASSERT_EQ(1, 0); // ERROR and stops execution

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    ::testing::InitGoogleTest(&argc, argv);
    return RUN_ALL_TESTS();  // Runs Test1 and any other included test




  • Ubuntu / Debian: apt install qml-module-qqtest libqt5quicktest5

  • Example main.cpp

#include <QtQuickTest/quicktest.h>
#include <QQmlEngine>

class Setup : public QObject

    Setup() {}

public slots:

    void qmlEngineAvailable(QQmlEngine *engine)
        // Code to be run before the tests

#include "main.moc"